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EUROZONE, US & CHINA MACROECONOMIC DATA 

 

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 The most important macroeconomic statistics concerning the world's largest economic zones (US, Eurozone and China)

   

EUROZONE

USA

CHINA

GDP
LAST REFERENCE LAST REFERENCE LAST REFERENCE
GDP (USD Million) Yearly 13,075,790 Dec-11 15,094,000 Dec-11 7,298,100 Dec-11
POPULATION Yearly 332,990,000 Dec-11 311,590,000 Dec-11 1,344,130,000 Dec-11
GDP PER CAPITA PPP (USD) Yearly 35,393 Dec-11 48,442 Dec-11 8,442 Dec-11
LABOUR   LAST REFERENCE LAST REFERENCE LAST REFERENCE
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE Monthly 11.90% Jan-13 7.70% Feb-13 4.10% Dec-12
PRICES   LAST REFERENCE LAST REFERENCE LAST REFERENCE
INFLATION RATE Monthly 1.80% Feb-13 2.00% Feb-13 3.20% Feb-13
PRODUCER PRICES (Index) Monthly 108.94 Dec-12 196 Jan-13 98.36 Jan-13
MONEY   LAST REFERENCE LAST REFERENCE LAST REFERENCE
INTEREST RATE Monthly 0.50% Mar-13 0.25% Mar-13 6.00% Feb-13
FOREIGN RESERVES (USD Million) Monthly 337,632 Jan-13 151,895 Jan-13 3,311,589 Dec-12
GOVERNMENT   LAST REFERENCE LAST REFERENCE LAST REFERENCE
GOVERNMENT DEBT TO GDP Yearly 93.10% Dec-12 101.60% Dec-12 23.00% Dec-12
GOVERNMENT BOND 10Y Monthly 1.26% Mar-13 1.85% Mar-13 3.61% Mar-13
GOVERNMENT BUDGET Yearly -3.50% Dec-12 -7.00% Dec-12 -1.50% Dec-12
TRADE   LAST REFERENCE LAST REFERENCE LAST REFERENCE
EXPORTS (USD Million) Monthly 114,453 Jan-13 184,453 Jan-13 1,394 Feb-13
IMPORTS (USD Million) Monthly 117,500 Jan-13 228,901 Jan-13 1,241 Feb-13
BALANCE OF TRADE (USD Million) Monthly -3,047 Jan-13 -44,448 Jan-13 153 Feb-13
CURRENT ACCOUNT (USD Million) Monthly -3,488 Jan-13 -110,416 Nov-13 66 Dec-12
BUSINESS CONFIDENCE Monthly -0.86 Mar-13 2.5 Feb-13 9.9 Feb-13
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Monthly -1.30% Jan-13 54.20% Feb-13 124.40% Dec-12

Source: TradingEconomics and IMF

Analysis of the above table, from up to down (↕)

The US economy is on growth and it is still the largest economy in the world (GDP 15.1 trillion dollars). Eurozone found in the second position in terms of GDP, is now on recession. China is found in the 3rd place in terms of GDP but it is growing faster than anyone else and maybe in 10 years China will be the largest economy in the world. The unemployment rate in the US and in China may be considered as normal, while in both countries it is falling. From the other hand in Eurozone, the unemployment rate is very high (11.9%) and it is even getting worse. The inflation rate in the US (2.0%) is in accordance with the level of growth so it may be seen as normal. The inflation rate of China is in normal levels too (3.2%) given the high increase of GDP, but remains the worst fear of the Chinese Economic Authorities. From the other hand, inflation in Eurozone is considered high, given that the European Economy is now officially on recession and that the real demand is diminishing. The only explanation is that the Eurozone’s level of production is falling even more than the real demand does. As concerns the producer prices, the 196 index level of the US economy is very high while the producer prices in Eurozone and in China may be considered as normal.

The interest rate of China (6.0%) is high and reflects the inflationary concerns of the Chinese Monetary Authorities. The interest rate in the US (0.25%) is very low and it is expected to get higher in the coming years. From the other hand the interest rate of Eurozone (0.75%) currently is very high, given the bad condition of the European economy. Euro rates are high according to the level of Eurozone’s unemployment and the unfavorable level of the total money supply. As concerns Foreign Reserves, China's reserves are really astonishing indicating the power of the Chinese economy to create wealth. The reserves of Eurozone and the US may be considered as normal. Government debt to GDP is very high in the US and in Eurozone while it is very low in China (23%). As concerns trade, the balance of trade in China is in excellent levels while in Eurozone is in normal levels and in US is in very high levels. Maybe the balance of trade is the worst figure of the US economy. Finally, as concerns the industrial production, it is negative in Eurozone and it is in very good levels in the US and especially in China. 

In overall and by linking all the macroeconomic figures all together we could say that: i) the Chinese Economy is in a good condition and it is getting better, ii) the US Economy is in an average condition and it is getting better, iii) the Eurozone’s Economy is in a bad condition and it is getting worse.

Trading Center Analysis by G. Protonotarios


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